A chiral phosphoric acid-catalyzed kinetic resolution and desymmetrization of para-quinols operating via oxa-Michael addition was developed and subsequently subjected to mechanistic study. Good to excellent s-factors/enantioselectivities were obtained over a broad range of substrates. Kinetic studies were performed, and DFT studies favor a hydrogen bonding activation mode. The mechanistic studies provide insights to previously reported chiral anion phase transfer reactions involving chiral phosphate catalysts in combination with boronic acids. (Figure presented.).