©, Copyright Taylor & Francis. The Second International Workshop on Ambient Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS) was held at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in Berkeley, CA, from December 7–9, 2015. It brought together more than 100 participants from 17 countries. The workshop followed the inaugural meeting at the French synchrotron SOLEIL in December 2014, which was organized by François Rochet. The strong interest in these workshops reflects the growth of the APXPS community over the last decade, with instruments now operational at more than 12 synchrotrons around the world (see SRN, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 14–23 (2014)), and a steady increase in the number of laboratory instruments. APXPS has established itself as an important method for the investigation of surfaces and interfaces under in situ and operando conditions, including liquid/vapor and liquid/solid interfaces.