Preeclampsia (PE) is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy and one of the leading contributors to both maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Reliable diagnostic parameters unique to the disorder that accurately define and diagnose PE are currently unavailable. Recent studies have revealed that PE is accompanied by the accumulation of amyloidogenic deposits in the placenta and the presence of congophilic amyloid-like protein aggregates in the urine. Here, we evaluate the capability of an amyloid-targeting aryl cyano amide (ARCAM-1) fluorophore to identify PE patients from analysis of urine samples. Our results reveal that this probe can distinguish patients with PE from gestationally healthy patients and patients suffering from non-PE hypertension, highlighting the potential for amyloid-targeting fluorophores to help identify PE patients during pregnancy.