© 2018 Elsevier B.V. Scientific discoveries are increasingly dependent upon the analysis of large volumes of data from observations and simulations of complex phenomena. Scientists compose the complex analyses as workflows and execute them on large-scale HPC systems. The workflow structures are in contrast with monolithic single simulations that have often been the primary use case on HPC systems. Simultaneously, new storage paradigms such as Burst Buffers are becoming available on HPC platforms. In this paper, we analyze the performance characteristics of a Burst Buffer and two representative scientific workflows with the aim of optimizing the usage of a Burst Buffer, extending our previous analyses (Daley et al., 2016). Our key contributions are (a) developing a performance analysis methodology pertinent to Burst Buffers, (b) improving the use of a Burst Buffer in workflows with bandwidth-sensitive and metadata-sensitive I/O workloads, (c) highlighting the key data management challenges when incorporating a Burst Buffer in the studied scientific workflows.