IntroductionFreezing of gait (FoG) leads to falls and reduces quality of life, but little is known about FoG in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). This study aim was to identify the clinical parameters associated with FoG in PSP patients.
Methods349 patients meeting the National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Society for PSP (NINDS-SPSP) clinical diagnostic criteria were divided into two groups: PSP with FoG (n = 159) and PSP without FoG (n = 190). To determine if FoG in PSP associates with demographics, motor performance, visual difficulties, and executive function, we used the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB), Mattis Dementia Rating Scale (DRS), Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), PSP Rating Scale (PSPRS), Modified Hoehn & Yahr staging, and Schwab and England Activities Daily Living (S&EADL) scale. UPDRS was used to identify FoG. Individual items of each clinical assessment with p-value < 0.05 in the univariate logistic regression analyses were included in the backward stepwise multivariate regression analysis.
ResultsBoth groups were similar in demographics. 45.6% of patients had FoG, which was present at onset and increased with disease duration. There were no between-group significant associations between FoG and visual disturbances, executive function and overall cognition, but on univariate analyses, FoG was significantly associated with bradykinesia, rigidity, gait, and posture. In the multivariate model FoG was associated with disease duration and speech.
ConclusionsOur findings indicate that disease duration and speech have the most significant association with FoG. These findings may suggest that FoG and speech difficulties in PSP share a similar pathophysiology.