The most common lumbar spine tumors are metastatic disease, myeloma, and hemangioma. Primary osseous lesions of the lumbar spine are unusual. When encountered, they often exhibit characteristic imaging properties, aiding the radiologist to provide a short list of differential diagnoses. We provide a discussion of imaging appearance of lumbar spine neoplasms. Emphasis of this review is on osseous lesions. Few common neurogenic intradural, extraaxial lesions are also discussed.