Thirty-six formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded enucleated globes from cats with a diagnosis of diffuse anterior uveal melanoma were obtained. Sections of tumor were excised, deparaffinized, and subjected to nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to identify proviral DNA sequences from the feline leukemia virus (FeLV)-feline sarcoma virus (FeSV; 36 eyes), and the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV; 18 eyes). All samples tested were negative for FIV DNA. Three samples were positive for FeLV-FeSV DNA. This is the first reported evidence of a possible link between naturally occurring feline anterior uveal melanoma and the presence of FeLV-FeSV DNA.