According to recent assessments, tropical woodlands contribute about half of all global natural non-methane volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions. Large uncertainties exist especially about fluxes of compounds other than isoprene and monoterpenes. During the Large-Scale Biosphere/Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia - Cooperative LBA Airborne Regional Experiment 1998 (LBA-CLAIRE-98) campaign, we measured the atmospheric mixing ratios of different species of VOC at a ground station at Balbina, Amazonia. The station was located 100 km north of Manaus, SE of the Balbina reservoir, with 200-1000 km of pristine forest in the prevailing wind directions. Sampling methods included DNPH-coated cartridges for carbonyls and cartridges filled with graphitic carbons of different surface characteristics for other VOCs. The most prominent VOC species present in air were formaldehyde and isoprene, each up to several ppb. Concentrations of methylvinyl ketone as well as methacroleine, both oxidation products of isoprene, were relatively low, indicating a very low oxidation capacity in the lower atmospheric boundary layer, which is in agreement with a daily ozone maximum of <20 ppb. Total monoterpene concentration was below 1 ppb. We detected only very low amounts of VOC species, such as benzene, deriving exclusively from anthropogenic sources.