© 2016 Elsevier Ltd Transparent, flexible and highly efficient portable power sources are essential components of the next generation electronics and optoelectronic devices. However, complicated technology, expensive cost, environmental pollution and low-efficient output have limited its development. Herein, based on periodic contact/separation between human skin and the microstructured polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film, we demonstrate a transparent flexible triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) through a relatively simple, low-cost, environmental-friendly and high-efficient method. For the first time, the natural leaves with rich surface textures were introduced to make microstructures on PDMS films as effective friction surface in the TENG. Furthermore, long silver nanowires (200 µm in length at least) through novel synthesis were assembled as high-performance electrode, resulting in the entirely flexible and transparent TENG. Owing to the unique design, the transparent flexible TENG was eventually obtained with an enhanced output (Voc=56 V; Isc=3.1 μA) and remarkable transparency (88%). Owing to compelling features of the TENG, a self-powered user-interactive wearable system was successfully established by integrating a flexible electrochromic device (ECD). The remarkable color-tunable ability via mechanical control of our system, highly inspired by chameleons, is potentially useful in military camouflage, monitoring human activity visually, as well as replacing performance of face change in Sichuan Opera. Therefore, this research is a substantial advancement toward the construction of transparent nanogenerator and its multifunctional applications in energy conversation, wearable electronics, healthcare, culture experience, and even environmental protection.