IntroductionSarcoid polyneuropathy is a rare and clinically heterogeneous disorder that may be the initial presentation of sarcoidosis.
MethodsWe report the clinical, electrophysiological, and pathological findings of a patient who carried a diagnosis of sensory-predominant chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) for over a decade but was ultimately found to have sarcoid polyneuropathy.
ResultsA 36-year-old man presented with a several-week history of gait difficulty and muscle cramps. He had a diagnosis of CIDP but had not received lasting benefit from steroid-sparing immunosuppressive drugs. Electrodiagnostic studies were consistent with a chronic demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy with conduction blocks. After he developed systemic symptoms, tissue biopsies revealed granulomatous disease. Symptoms improved with steroid therapy.
ConclusionsSarcoid polyneuropathy presents a diagnostic challenge, but, in patients with atypical neuropathy, characteristic systemic symptoms, or a poor response to standard treatment, nerve and muscle biopsies can help diagnose this treatable disorder.