Lead halide perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) have emerged as attractive nanomaterials owing to their excellent optical and optoelectronic properties. Their intrinsic instability and soft nature enable a post-synthetic controlled chemical transformation. We studied a ligand mediated transformation of presynthesized CsPbBr3 NCs to a new type of lead-halide depleted perovskite derivative nanocrystal, namely Cs4PbBr6. The transformation is initiated by amine addition, and the use of alkyl-thiol ligands greatly improves the size uniformity and chemical stability of the derived NCs. The thermodynamically driven transformation is governed by a two-step dissolution-recrystallization mechanism, which is monitored optically. Our results not only shed light on a decomposition pathway of CsPbBr3 NCs but also present a method to synthesize uniform colloidal Cs4PbBr6 NCs, which may actually be a common product of perovskite NCs degradation.