How phenylephrine and ephedrine treatments affect global and regional haemodynamics is of major clinical relevance. Cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (Sct(O2) )-guided management may improve postoperative outcome. The physiological variables responsible for Sct(O2) changes induced by phenylephrine and ephedrine bolus treatment in anaesthetized patients need to be defined.
A randomized two-treatment cross-over trial was conducted: one bolus dose of phenylephrine (100-200 µg) and one bolus dose of ephedrine (5-20 mg) were given to 29 ASA I-III patients anaesthetized with propofol and remifentanil. , mean arterial pressure (MAP), cardiac output (CO), and other physiological variables were recorded before and after treatments. The associations of changes were analysed using linear-mixed models.
The CO decreased significantly after phenylephrine treatment [▵CO = -2.1 (1.4) litre min(-1), P<0.001], but was preserved after ephedrine treatment [▵CO = 0.5 (1.4) litre min(-1), P>0.05]. The was significantly decreased after phenylephrine treatment [▵ = -3.2 (3.0)%, P<0.01] but preserved after ephedrine treatment [▵ = 0.04 (1.9)%, P>0.05]. CO was identified to have the most significant association with (P<0.001). After taking CO into consideration, the other physiological variables, including MAP, were not significantly associated with (P>0.05).
Associated with changes in CO, decreased after phenylephrine treatment, but remained unchanged after ephedrine treatment. The significant correlation between CO and implies a cause-effect relationship between global and regional haemodynamics.