The reactor neutrino and gallium anomalies can be tested with a 3-4 PBq
(75-100 kCi scale) 144Ce-144Pr antineutrino beta-source deployed at the center
or next to a large low-background liquid scintillator detector. The
antineutrino generator will be produced by the Russian reprocessing plant PA
Mayak as early as 2014, transported to Japan, and deployed in the Kamioka
Liquid Scintillator Anti-Neutrino Detector (KamLAND) as early as 2015.
KamLAND's 13 m diameter target volume provides a suitable environment to
measure the energy and position dependence of the detected neutrino flux. A
characteristic oscillation pattern would be visible for a baseline of about 10
m or less, providing a very clean signal of neutrino disappearance into a
yet-unknown, sterile neutrino state. This will provide a comprehensive test of
the electron dissaperance neutrino anomalies and could lead to the discovery of
a 4th neutrino state for Delta_m^2 > 0.1 eV^2 and sin^2(2theta) > 0.05.