This paper studies systems of polynomial equations that provide information about
orientability of matroids. First, we study systems of linear equations over GF(2),
originally alluded to by Bland and Jensen in their seminal paper on weak orientability. The
Bland-Jensen linear equations for a matroid M have a solution if and only if M is weakly
orientable. We use the Bland-Jensen system to determine weak orientability for all matroids
on at most nine elements and all matroids between ten and twelve elements having rank
three. Our experiments indicate that for small rank, about half the time, when a simple
matroid is not orientable, it is already non-weakly orientable. Thus, about half of the
small simple non-orientable matroids of rank three are not representable over fields having
order congruent to three modulo four. For binary matroids, the Bland-Jensen linear systems
provide a practical way to check orientability. Second, we present two extensions of the
Bland-Jensen equations to slightly larger systems of non-linear polynomial equations. Our
systems of polynomial equations have a solution if and only if the associated matroid M is
orientable. The systems come in two versions, one directly extending the Bland-Jensen
system for GF(2), and a different system working over other fields. We study some basic
algebraic properties of these systems. Finally, we present an infinite family of
non-weakly-orientable matroids, with growing rank and co-rank. We conjecture that these
matroids are minor-minimal non-weakly-orientable matroids.

Measurements using silicon detectors to characterize the radiation transmitted through the EMU spacesuit and a human phantom have been performed using 155 and 250 MeV proton beams at the Loma Linda University Medical Center (LLUMC). The beams simulate radiation encountered in space, where trapped protons having kinetic energies on the order of 100 MeV are copious. Protons with 100 MeV kinetic energy and above can penetrate many centimeters of water of other light materials, so that astronauts exposed to such energetic particles will receive doses to their internal organs. This dose can be enhanced or reduced by shielding - either from the spacesuit or the self-shielding of the body - but minimization of the risk depends on details of the incident particle flux (in particular the energy spectrum) and on the dose responses of the various critical organs.