PurposeThe goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that by controlling intracellular uptake, organic cation transporter 1, Oct1 is a key determinant of the disposition and toxicity of cis-diammine(pyridine)chloroplatinum(II)(CDPCP) and oxaliplatin.
MethodsPharmacokinetics, tissue accumulation and toxicity of CDPCP and oxaliplatin were compared between Oct1-/- and wild-type mice.
ResultsAfter intravenous administration, hepatic and intestinal accumulation of CDPCP was 2.7-fold and 3.9-fold greater in Oct1 wild-type mice (p < 0.001). Deletion of Oct1 resulted in a significantly decreased clearance (0.444 ± 0.0391 ml/min*kg versus 0.649 ± 0.0807 ml/min*kg in wild-type mice, p < 0.05) and volume distribution (1.90 ± 0.161 L/kg versus 3.37 ± 0.196 L/kg in wild-type mice, p < 0.001). Moreover, Oct1 deletion resulted in more severe off-target toxicities in CDPCP-treated mice. Histologic examination of the liver and measurements of liver function indicated that the level of hepatic toxicity was mild and reversible, but was more apparent in the wild-type mice. In contrast, the effect of Oct1 on the pharmacokinetics and toxicity of oxaliplatin in the mice was minimal.
ConclusionsOur study suggests that Oct1 plays an important role in the pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution and toxicity of CDPCP, but not oxaliplatin.