We report on the development of a multimodal optical coherence tomography (OCT) - ultrasound (US) system and miniaturized OCT-US probe for intravascular imaging. Both OCT optical components and a US transducer were integrated into a single probe, enabling both OCT and US imaging at the same time. A miniaturized OCT-US probe using a single element transducer was designed with a maximum outer diameter of 0.8 mm, which is suitable for in vivo intravascular imaging. The integrated OCT-US imaging system adopted a two-channel data acquisition card to digitize both OCT and US signals. Simultaneous OCT and US data processing and image display were also achieved using our home-developed software. In vitro OCT and US imaging of human aortic tissue was performed using this multimodal imaging system, which demonstrated the feasibility of the OCT-US system in intravascular imaging and its potential in detection of atherosclerotic plaques. © 2011 Copyright Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).