© 2015 Elsevier Inc. Although numerous genetic variants affecting aging and mortality have been identified, for example, apolipoprotein E ε4, the genetic component influencing cognitive aging has not been fully defined yet. A better knowledge of the genetics of aging will prove helpful in understanding the underlying biological processes. Here, we describe the whole genome sequences of 2 female octogenarians. We provide the repertoire of genomic variants that the 2 octogenarians have in common. We also describe the overlap with the previously reported genomes of 2 supercentenarians-individuals aged ≥110years. We assessed the genetic disease propensities of the octogenarians and non-aged control genomes and could not find support for the hypothesis that long-lived healthy individuals might exhibit greater genetic fitness than the general population. Furthermore, there is no evidence for an accumulation of previously described variants promoting longevity in the 2 octogenarians. These findings suggest that genetic fitness, as currently defined, is not the sole factor enabling an increased life span. We identified a number of healthy-cognitive-aging candidate genetic loci awaiting confirmation in larger studies.