Mountain beaver are a primitive rodent species endemic to the Pacific Northwest and California. In Oregon and Washington, mountain beaver are managed as a pest species due to the damage they inflict to Douglas-fir seedlings as well as 10- to 15-year-old trees. Available biological information on the mountain beaver is limited, thus hampering the ability of managers to develop new tools and techniques to reduce damage. We conducted a series of studies to increase our knowledge of mountain beaver biology and the influence of environmental attributes and stand management practices on demographics. Although mountain beaver damage Douglas-fir and western red cedar seedlings, observations suggest that these tree species are not preferred forage. In one pen study, pens void of preferred vegetation (i.e., salal and sword fern) had significantly more damage than pens with additional forage. Damage did not occur when animals were allowed access to pens with preferred forage, even with increased population pressure. In addition to pen trials, we radio-collared 62 mountain beaver in 3 different harvest units, which varied in vegetation management and stand age, to assess movements and seedling damage. Home ranges were larger on the chemically prepared site with reduced forage than on the non-treated site. Although mountain beaver can inhabit older timber stands, home ranges were relatively large in such stands because of the reduced preferred forage in closed-canopy habitats (3.66 ± 1.49 ha). Once units were harvested, population size increased and home range size decreased (0.88 ± 0.27 ha). Seedling damage and reproductive success were only slightly related to available forage, which was in turn affected by site preparation. Information on home range use, habitat requirements, and the difference in carrying capacity for mountain beaver under varying site preparations, can assist managers in manipulating habitats in order to minimize colonization and reduce seedling damage. We suggest several integrated pest management strategies to minimize seedling damage by mountain beaver.