Pattern recognition problems in high energy physics are notably different
from traditional machine learning applications in computer vision.
Reconstruction algorithms identify and measure the kinematic properties of
particles produced in high energy collisions and recorded with complex detector
systems. Two critical applications are the reconstruction of charged particle
trajectories in tracking detectors and the reconstruction of particle showers
in calorimeters. These two problems have unique challenges and characteristics,
but both have high dimensionality, high degree of sparsity, and complex
geometric layouts. Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) are a relatively new class of
deep learning architectures which can deal with such data effectively, allowing
scientists to incorporate domain knowledge in a graph structure and learn
powerful representations leveraging that structure to identify patterns of
interest. In this work we demonstrate the applicability of GNNs to these two
diverse particle reconstruction problems.