PurposeTo determine the best predictor of the mid urethral sling outcome we calculated the AUC of ROC curves of preoperative parameters, including Valsalva leak point pressure, maximum urethral closure pressure, urinary NTx (N-telopeptide of crosslinked type I collagen) and plasma vitamin D values (D2, D3 and D2 plus D3).
Materials and methodsThis was an ancillary study of TOMUS (Trial of Mid-urethral Slings) and the ValUE (Value of Urodynamics Evaluation) trial in which subjects underwent mid urethral sling surgery for stress urinary incontinence. Valsalva leak point pressure and maximum urethral closure pressure were measured in 427 subjects, whereas NTx, vitamin D2, vitamin D3 and vitamin D2 plus D3 levels were obtained from 150, 116, 115 and 116 subjects respectively. Outcome success was defined using identical outcome (subjective and objective) variables for all subjects. ROC curves with corresponding AUC values were compared.
ResultsTOMUS and ValUE subjects were significantly different in age, body mass index, UDI (Urogenital Distress Inventory) scores. TOMUS subjects had a lower surgical success rate compared to ValUE subjects (66.3% vs 76.0%, p = 0.03). The AUC values of Valsalva leak point pressure, maximum urethral closure pressure, NTx, and vitamins D2, D3 and D2 plus D3 were 0.542, 0.561, 0.702, 0.627, 0.645 and 0.640, respectively. The AUC of NTx was significantly higher than the AUCs of Valsalva leak point pressure and maximum urethral closure pressure (p = 0.02 and 0.03, respectively).
ConclusionsUrinary NTx was the best predictor of the mid urethral sling outcome. This test is not only noninvasive, it is also modifiable. Finding ideal modifiable risk factors prior to mid urethral sling surgery should be subject to future investigations.