BackgroundTo examine the angiopoietin pathway inhibitor trebananib IV plus the anti-VEGF agents bevacizumab or motesanib in advanced solid tumours.
MethodsIn this open-label phase 1b study, patients received IV trebananib 3 mg kg-1 QW plus bevacizumab 15 mg kg-1 Q3W (cohort 1) or motesanib orally 75 mg (cohort 2); or trebananib 10 mg kg-1 plus bevacizumab 15 mg kg-1 (cohort 3) or motesanib 125 mg (cohort 4). If <33% of patients had dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), dose escalation occurred. Endpoints were treatment-related adverse events (AEs) incidence and pharmacokinetics (primary); anti-trebananib antibodies, biomarkers, and tumour response (secondary).
ResultsThirty-six patients received ≥ 1 dose of trebananib (cohorts 1, 2, 3, 4; n = 6, 8, 19, 3). DLT of G3 intestinal perforation and G3 tumor haemorrhage occurred in cohorts 2 and 3, respectively (both n = 1). Across both trebananib plus bevacizumab cohorts, the most common AEs included fatigue (n = 8), diarrhoea (n =4), constipation (n = 3), nausea (n = 3), and epistaxis (n = 3). Three patients across those cohorts had grade ≥ 3 AEs. Across the trebananib plus motesanib cohorts, the most common AEs included hypertension (n = 4), diarrhoea (n = 4), nausea (n = 3), fatigue (n = 3), vomiting (n = 2), and decreased appetite (n = 2). Two patients had grade ≥ 3 AEs. Trebananib did not markedly affect motesanib pharmacokinetics. Across the trebananib plus bevacizumab cohorts, two patients had a partial response; 11 patients had stable disease lasting >6 months. Across the trebananib plus motesanib cohorts, one patient had a partial response; five patients had stable disease lasting >6 months.
ConclusionTrebananib IV 3 mg kg-1 or 10 mg kg-1 plus bevacizumab or motesanib in advanced solid tumours may be associated with less severe toxicities relative to those emerging when combining two anti-VEGF agents.