© 2018 We show that the carrier recombination rate of noncentrosymmetric materials can be strongly modified by spin-orbit coupling. Our proposed mechanism involves the separation of conduction and valence bands into their respective spin components, which changes the transition dipole moments between them. The change in the carrier recombination can be either positive or negative in sign, or vary depending on the location of carriers in the Brillouin zone. We have performed a large scale DFT screening study to identify candidate materials that display this effect. We have selected three materials, Pb4SeBr6, ReTe3Br5, and CsCu(BiS2)2, which span the range of behaviors, and discuss their electronic band structure in greater detail. We find transition dipole moment enhancement factors of up to three orders of magnitude, reflecting the physical impact of spin-orbit coupling on the carrier lifetime. Therefore, further explorations of the spin-orbit coupling and lattice symmetry could prove to be useful for manipulating the photophysics of materials.