© 2015, American Society for Microbiology. The Scc4 protein (CT663) of the pathogenic bacterium Chlamydia has been described as a type III secretion (T3S) chaperone as well as an inhibitor of RNA polymerase. To examine if these roles are connected, we first investigated physical interactions between Chlamydia trachomatis Scc4 and the T3S chaperone Scc1 and a T3S substrate, CopN. In a yeast 3-hybrid assay, Scc4, Scc1, and CopN were all required to detect an interaction, which suggests that these proteins form a trimolecular complex. We also detected interactions between any two of these three T3S proteins in a pulldown assay using only recombinant proteins. We next determined whether these interactions affected the function of Scc4 as an inhibitor of RNA transcription. Using Escherichia coli as a heterologous in vivo system, we demonstrated that expression of C. trachomatis Scc4 led to a drastic decrease in transcript levels for multiple genes. However, coexpression of Scc4 with Scc1, CopN, or both alleviated Scc4-mediated inhibition of transcription. Scc4 expression also severely impaired E. coli growth, but this growth defect was reversed by coexpression of Scc4 with Scc1, CopN, or both, suggesting that the inhibitory effect of Scc4 on transcription and growth can be antagonized by interactions between Scc4, Scc1, and CopN. These findings suggest that the dual functions of Scc4 may serve as a bridge to link T3S and the regulation of gene expression in Chlamydia.