PURPOSE:To investigate the effect of stretching sampling window on quantitative 3D ultrashort TE (UTE) imaging of cortical bone at 3 T. METHODS:Ten bovine cortical bone and 17 human tibial midshaft samples were imaged with a 3T clinical MRI scanner using an 8-channel knee coil. Quantitative 3D UTE imaging biomarkers, including T1 , T2∗ , magnetization transfer ratio and magnetization transfer modeling, were performed using radial or spiral Cones sampling trajectories with various durations. Errors in UTE-MRI biomarkers as a function of sampling time were evaluated using radial sampling as a reference standard. RESULTS:For both bovine and human cortical bone samples, no significant differences were observed for all UTE biomarkers (single-component T2∗ , bicomponent T2∗ and relative fractions, T1 , magnetization transfer ratio, and magnetization transfer modeling of macromolecular fraction) for spiral sampling windows of 992 µs to 1600 µs compared with a radial sampling window of 688 µs. CONCLUSION:The total scan time can be reduced by 76% with quantification errors less than 5%. Quantitative UTE-MRI techniques can be greatly accelerated using longer sampling windows without significant quantification errors.