The effect of rapid oscillations, related to large dispersion terms, on the
dynamics of dissipative evolution equations is studied for the model examples
of the 1D complex Ginzburg-Landau and the Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equations. Three
different scenarios of this effect are demonstrated. According to the first
scenario, the dissipation mechanism is not affected and the diameter of the
global attractor remains uniformly bounded with respect to the very large
dispersion coefficient. However, the limit equation, as the dispersion
parameter tends to infinity, becomes a gradient system. Therefore, adding the
large dispersion term actually suppresses the non-trivial dynamics. According
to the second scenario, neither the dissipation mechanism, nor the dynamics are
essentially affected by the large dispersion and the limit dynamics remains
complicated (chaotic). Finally, it is demonstrated in the third scenario that
the dissipation mechanism is completely destroyed by the large dispersion, and
that the diameter of the global attractor grows together with the growth of the
dispersion parameter.