Objective: The preventability of strokes treated by mechanical thrombectomy is unknown. The purpose of this study was to analyze stroke preventability for patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy for large vessel occlusion. Methods: We conducted retrospective analyses of 300 patients (mean ± SE age 69 ± 0.9 years, range 18-97 years; 53% male) treated with mechanical thrombectomy for large vessel occlusion from January 2008 to March 2019. We collected data including demographics, NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) at onset, and (beginning in 2015) classified 90-day outcome by modified Rankin Scale (mRS). Patients were evaluated using a Stroke Preventability Score (SPS, 0 to 10 points) based on how well patients had been treated given their hypertension, hyperlipidemia, atrial fibrillation, and prior stroke history. We examined the relationship of SPS with NIHSS at stroke onset and with mRS outcome at 90 days. Results: SPS was calculated for 272 of the 300 patients, with mean ± SE of 2.1 ± 0.1 (range 0-8); 89 (33%) had no preventability (score 0), 120 (44%) had low preventability (score 1-3), and 63 (23%) had high preventability (score 4 or higher). SPS was significantly correlated with age (r = 0.32, p < 0.0001), while NIHSS (n = 267) was significantly higher (p = 0.03) for patients with high stroke preventability vs. low/no preventability [18.8 ± 0.92 (n = 62) vs. 16.5 ± 0.51 (n = 205)]. Among 118 patients with mRS, outcome was significantly worse (p = 0.04) in patients with high stroke preventability vs. low/no preventability [4.7 ± 0.29 (n = 28) vs. 3.8 ± 0.21 (n = 90)]. The vast majority of patients with high stroke preventability had inadequately treated atrial fibrillation (85%, 53/62). Conclusions: Nearly one quarter of stroke patients undergoing mechanical thrombectomy had highly preventable strokes. While stroke preventability showed some relationship to stroke severity at onset and outcome after treatment, preventability had the strongest association with age. These findings emphasize the need for improved stroke prevention in the elderly.