Case Presentation: An 88-year-old female presented to the emergency department (ED) with complaints of painful vision loss four days after an intravitreal injection for her neovascular macular degeneration. Her right eye visual acuity was markedly diminished with an absence of red reflex. A point-of-care ocular ultrasound was performed and demonstrated hyperechoic vitreous debris concerning for endophthalmitis.
Discussion: Endophthalmitis is an infection of the vitreous or aqueous humors commonly caused by exogenous sources, such as inoculation of bacteria into the eye from surgery, injections, or trauma. It is an ophthalmologic emergency as it is a vision-threatening infection. Although a rare complication, post-surgery or post-injection are the leading causes of endophthalmitis. Point-of-care ocular ultrasound findings suggestive of endophthalmitis, such as hyperechoic vitreous debris, aid in the timely diagnosis and treatment of patients in the ED.