ObjectivesTopotecan improves response rate (RR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) when added to cisplatin in treating metastatic and recurrent cervical cancer. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of adding weekly topotecan to cisplatin in patients with primary, locally advanced carcinoma of the cervix receiving pelvic irradiation.
MethodsPatients with primary, previously untreated, histologically confirmed invasive squamous cell, adenocarcinoma, or adenosquamous carcinoma of the uterine cervix, stages IB2-IVA were treated with external beam pelvic radiotherapy (45 Gy), intracavitary low dose rate brachytherapy (40 Gy) and a parametrial boost (5.4-9 Gy) with overall treatment time not to exceed 8 weeks. Concurrent chemotherapy was IV cisplatin 40 mg/m(2)plus IV topotecan 2 mg/m(2) on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29 and once during parametrial boost for 6 cycles. Patients were monitored with history, physical examination, tumor measurement and laboratory evaluation before entering the study, before each cycle of chemotherapy, at study termination and every three months thereafter.
ResultsThe study met its accrual goal of 12 patients. With a median follow-up of 22 months, eleven patients completed treatment and ten are in long term follow up without evidence of recurrent disease. The 12th patient developed progressive disease during therapy. All patients completed at least 4 cycles of chemotherapy, with the majority (82%) completing 5 or more. Grade 2 or higher neutropenia delayed treatment in 54% of cycles. The median treatment delay was 1.5 cycles (range: 1 to 5 cycles). Median treatment time was 59 days (range 46 to 81 days). The complete RR was 92% (95% confidence interval, 55%-100%).
ConclusionsThe addition of weekly topotecan to cisplatin at this dose and schedule during pelvic irradiation for locally advanced cervical cancer appears to be feasible. Based on this primary treatment data and the activity of cisplatin-topotecan in the recurrent disease setting, phase II and III studies of this combination are warranted.