The dynamics and intensity of new shoot flushes of ‘Pera’ sweet orange scions [Citrus × sinensis (L.) Osbeck] grafted onto ‘Rough’ lemon (Citrus × limonia var. jambhiri Lush.), ‘Swingle’ citrumelo [Citrus × aurantium var. paradisi x Poncirus
trifoliata (L.) Raf.] and ‘Sunki’ mandarin (Citrus
reticulata ‘Sunki’) rootstocks were evaluated in the field at a citrus farm located in a northern region of the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Every 20 days for 16 months, new shoots were counted within a square frame of 0.25 m2 set on the central portion of the canopy and classified based on their phenological stages. Trees on ‘Swingle’ rootstock produced a lower area under the flush shoot dynamics curve (AUFSD) and mean number of new shoots than trees on ‘Rough’ lemon or ‘Sunki’ mandarin. For trees on all three rootstocks, new shoot intensities varied significantly over time with the greatest number of new shoots developing during late spring and early summer. Increases in minimum air temperature and available soil water were important indicators of overall emergence of new shoots.