MASP-1 (mannose/mannan binding lectin associated serine protease-1) is a serum protein (~79kDa poylpeptide) predominantly synthesized by the liver. It is an important player in the innate immune system and is mainly bound to multimeric pathogen recognition receptors such as mannose/mannan-binding lectin (MBL)
and the three ficolins (M-ficolin
). MASP-1 has two CUB, a calcium-binding EGF-like, a trypsin-like serine protease and two complement control protein (CCP) domains. The serine protease domain is auto-activated upon binding of these receptors to their appropriate pathogenic ligands, generally carbohydrate domains or acetylated sugar residues. MASP-1 is therefore a component of the lectin pathway of complement activation. The primary substrate for MASP-1 activity isMASP-2
, another serine protease. MASP-2 in turn cleaves and activates complement proteins C4
, thus converging the lectin pathway with the classical pathway of complement activation. MASP-1 activity is negatively regulated by the presence of alternate splice variants, MASP-3
. MASP-1 by virtue of its serine protease activity, also plays a role in the coagulation pathway.