Concerned that San Joaquin kit foxes from urban areas may be exposed to commensal anticoagulants, the California Department of Fish and Game, Pesticide Investigations Unit, in conjunction with the Endangered Species Recovery Program’s Urban Kit Fox Project, began monitoring San Joaquin kit foxes from the Bakersfield, CA population. Necropsies were performed and liver tissue samples collected from kit fox carcasses. Livers from archived kit foxes dating back to 1977 were also analyzed. A non-urban population of San Joaquin kit foxes from Lokern was used as a control. Other predators in the area, including coyotes and red foxes, were also analyzed for comparison. Between 1999 and 2007, tissue samples from 45 animals have been analyzed for residues of anticoagulant rodenticides. Anticoagulant compounds identified included brodifacoum, bromadiolone, pival, and chlorophacinone. Twenty-six of the 30 San Joaquin kit foxes from Bakersfield contained at least one anticoagulant, and the most commonly detected anticoagulant was brodifacoum. None of the 12 Lokern San Joaquin kit foxes contained anticoagulants. Other predators followed the same pattern: both red foxes from Bakersfield contained anticoagulant residues, but the coyote taken from Lokern did not.