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Open Access Publications from the University of California

The “Proposals from the Script Encoding Initiative” series contains documents that propose scripts and characters for inclusion in the international standard Unicode. All documents have received technical review by the Unicode Technical Committee, and were funded (wholly or in part) by the Script Encoding Initiative in the Department of Linguistics at UC Berkeley or by its NEH-sponsored counterpart, the Universal Scripts Project.

Most of the scripts and characters in these documents have been published in the Unicode Standard. Occasionally the names, glyphs, or code points have been changed from the proposal document when published in the Unicode Standard. Comments or corrections to the contents of the proposals should be sent to the proposal author, who can be contacted through Deborah Anderson in the Dept. of Linguistics.

Cover page of Final proposal to encode Nandinagari in Unicode

Final proposal to encode Nandinagari in Unicode

(2017)

This is a proposal to encode the Nandinagari script in the Unicode Standard. Based on this document, the script was approved by the Unicode Technical Committee in 2017. Nandinagari is an historic script used to write Sanskrit in south Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh in southern India from 11-19c CE.

Cover page of Proposal to encode the Nyiakeng Puachue Hmong script in the UCS

Proposal to encode the Nyiakeng Puachue Hmong script in the UCS

(2017)

This is a proposal to encode the Nyiakeng Puachue Hmong script in the Unicode Standard. Based on this document, the script was approved by the Unicode Technical Committee in 2017. The script was invented by Reverend Chervang Kong in the 1980s for use in his church. It is reported to be used in America, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, France, and Australia.

Cover page of Proposal to encode the Old Sogdian script in Unicode

Proposal to encode the Old Sogdian script in Unicode

(2016)

This is a proposal to encode the Old Sogdian script into the Unicode Standard. The script was published in Unicode version 11.0 in 2018. Old Sogdian was used in the Kultobe inscriptions, the 'Ancient Letters' of Dunhuang, China, the upper Indus inscriptions dated from 4-7c CE, and on inscribed coins and vessels from the area of Chach (modern Tashkent, Uzbekistan).

Cover page of Revised Proposal to encode Hanifi Rohingya in Unicode

Revised Proposal to encode Hanifi Rohingya in Unicode

(2016)

This is a proposal to encode the Hanifi Rohingya script in the international character encoding standard Unicode. The script was published in Unicode version 11.0 in 2018. Hanifi Rohingya was created in the 1980s to write the Rohingya language.

Cover page of Final proposal to encode the Khitan Small Script in the SMP of the UCS

Final proposal to encode the Khitan Small Script in the SMP of the UCS

(2016)

This 2016 working document includes the proposed repertoire for the Khitan Small Script for its eventual encoding in the Unicode Standard. Subsequent modifications to the repertoire have appeared and can be found in the Unicode Consortium document register.

Cover page of Proposal to encode PARAGRAPHUS MARK and PUNCTUS ELEVATUS MARK

Proposal to encode PARAGRAPHUS MARK and PUNCTUS ELEVATUS MARK

(2016)

This is a Unicode proposal to encode two Medievalist punctuation characters in the international character encoding standard Unicode. The two characters PARAGRAPHUS MARK and PUNCTUS ELEVATUS MARK were published in Unicode version 11.0 in 2018. The two marks appear in texts of various medieval European languages, including Latin.

Cover page of Proposal to encode MEDIEVAL COMMA

Proposal to encode MEDIEVAL COMMA

(2016)

This a Unicode proposal for one character, MEDIEVAL COMMA. The MIDDLE COMMA was published in Unicode version 11.0 in 2018. This character was commonly used by Italian scribes in the 14th century, and used in various medieval European languages.

Cover page of Proposal to encode Kaithi Number Sign Above

Proposal to encode Kaithi Number Sign Above

(2016)

This is a Unicode proposal for one character, KAITHI NUMBER SIGN ABOVE. The character was published in Unicode 11.0 in 2018. Kaithi is an historical script of northern India, used from the 16c until the 20th century.

Cover page of Proposal for encoding the Medefaidrin (Oberi Okaime) script in the SMP

Proposal for encoding the Medefaidrin (Oberi Okaime) script in the SMP

(2016)

This is a proposal to encode the Medefaidrin script in the Unicode Standard. The script was published in Unicode version 11.0 in 2018. Medefaidrin was created to write the artificial language Medefaidrin. The language was used in the 1930s by the Christian church called Oberi Okaime in the southern Nigerian province of Calabar and is in limited use today.

Cover page of Proposal to add Medievalist punctuation characters to the UCS

Proposal to add Medievalist punctuation characters to the UCS

(2016)

This is an omnibus Unicode proposal for Medievalist punctuation characters. Two of the characters in this document, DOTTED SOLIDUS and TRIPLE DAGGER, were published in Unicode version 11.0 in 2018. The symbols were used in Latin and other European languages from the Middle Ages.