For articles requiring review (Research Articles, Opinions, Perspectives, Reviews, and Correspondence), the review, revision, and acceptance process for Frontiers of Biogeography usually works in the following way. Following author submission, the article is first checked for plagiarism and missing materials, and then assigned an Oversight and Handling Editor. Depending on their background/expertise, Editorial Board Members act as the Handling Editors for articles. The Handling Editor obtains a minimum of two reviews from non-conflicted reviewers (process takes an average of 6 weeks). When reviews are returned, the Handling Editor assesses the reviewer reports and makes a recommendation to the Oversight Editor who communicates the decision to authors. If revisions are needed, the authors are asked to resubmit their manuscript following any recommended changes.
When authors resubmit revised manuscripts, the Handling Editor and Oversight Editor will examine the re-submission and determine whether it should be reviewed again, or whether a final decision can be made. If re-review is necessary, the manuscript will either be sent back to the original reviewers, or to new reviewers if the original reviewers are unavailable.
The article goes back through the same process (revision/review/decision) until a final decision is reached. More information for authors on submission specifics and formatting can be found at Information for Authors.