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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Rapidly fatal metastatic cutaneous angiosarcoma initially mimicking a furuncle in a middle-aged male

  • Author(s): Cantor, Aaron S
  • Satter, Elizabeth
  • Douglas, Mark
  • et al.
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Public License

Cutaneous angiosarcomas are rare but typically occur in three distinct clinical settings and are most commonly found on the scalp or face of elderly men. Positive prognostic factors include tumor size less than 5 cm, primary tumor location below the head, negative margins after excision, resectability, and younger age. Metastases drastically reduce survival and the most common metastatic site is lung. We present a 43-year-old man who had primary cutaneous angiosarcoma that initially mimicked a furuncle and eventuated in multiple metastases. The metastatic disease included brain involvement, which has rarely been reported, especially in a relatively young person without known predisposing conditions. This unique case also highlights the need for early diagnosis followed by advanced imaging, given the limitations of current therapies and high metastatic potential of angiosarcoma.

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