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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Psychological Maladjustment and Academic Achievement: A Cross‐Cultural Study of Japanese, Chinese, and American High School Students

  • Author(s): Crystal, DS
  • Chen, C
  • Fuligni, AJ
  • Stevenson, HW
  • Hsu, C
  • Ko, H
  • Kitamura, S
  • Kimura, S
  • et al.

American, 1,633 Chinese, and 1,247 Japanese eleventh‐grade students, 5 indices of maladjustment included measures of stress, depressed mood, academic anxiety, aggression, and somatic complaints. Asian students reported higher levels of parental expectation and lower levels of parental satisfaction concerning academic achievement than their American peers. Nevertheless, Japanese students reported less stress, depressed mood, aggression, academic anxiety, and fewer somatic complaints than did American students. Chinese students reported less stress, academic anxiety, and aggressive feelings than their American counterparts, but did report higher frequencies of depressed mood and somatic complaints. High academic achievement as assessed by a test of mathematics was generally not associated with psychological maladjustment. The only exception was in the United States, where high achievers indicated more frequent feelings of stress than did low achievers. Copyright © 1994, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved

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