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Solving the Structure of eIF2 Bound to eIF2B Using Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

  • Author(s): Kenner, Lillian
  • Advisor(s): Frost, Adam
  • et al.
Abstract

Translation begins when initiation factor-2 (eIF2) delivers methionyl initiator tRNA (Met-tRNAi) to the ribosome. The exchange of GDP bound to eIF2 for GTP is a prerequisite to binding Met-tRNAi and is mediated by a second initiation factor, eIF2B. Regulation of mRNA translation is achieved through phosphorylation of eIF2 α at Ser51 which converts eIF2 from a substrate into a competitive inhibitor of eIF2B. Using the latest cryo-electron microscopy (cryoEM) technologies in both collection and data processing we were able to obtain three high resolution structures to interrogate the structural basis of the integrated stress response.

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