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Impact of the Kasai Procedure and the Length of Native Liver Survival Time on Outcomes of Liver Transplantation for Biliary Atresia

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The aim is to explore the impact of the Kasai procedure (KP) and the length of native liver survival time (NLST) on outcomes of liver transplantation (LT). Patients with biliary atresia (BA), who underwent LT in Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019, were enrolled and divided into non-KP (N-KP) and post-KP (P-KP) groups. The patients in the P-KP group were further divided into early failure (KP-EF) defined by NLST <1 year, medium failure (KP-MF, NLST 1-5 years), and late failure (KP-LF, NLST >5 years) subgroups. Clinical data at baseline and during follow-up were collected. The inverse probability of treatment weighting method was used to evaluate the independent effect of KP and the length of NLST on clinical outcomes. Among 197 patients with BA, the N-KP group accounted for 43 (21.8%), KP-EF 71 (46.1%), KP-MF 59 (38.3%), and KP-LF 24 (15.6%) cases, respectively. The N-KP and KP-EF groups had significantly longer hospitalization and intensive care unit stays after LT. Graft and overall survival rates were 93.0% in the N-KP group and 97.4% in P-KP group, respectively. The mortality rate in the P-KP group were significantly lower compared with that of the N-KP group with a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.2 (P = 0.02). The risks of biliary and vascular complications and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after LT were significantly higher in KP-EF group than those in the KP-MF and KP-LF groups (HRs = 0.09, 0.2, and 0.3, respectively; all P < 0.001). The KP significantly improved after LT overall survival. Patients with early native liver failure after KP have significantly higher risks for biliary and vascular complications and CMV infection.

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