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From whole gland to hemigland to ultra-focal high-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy: A dosimetric analysis.
Published Web Locationhttp://www.brachyjournal.com/article/S1538-4721(15)00457-2/pdf
PurposeTo assess the magnitude of dosimetric reductions of a focal and ultra-focal high-dose-rate (HDR) prostate brachytherapy treatment strategy relative to standard whole gland (WG) treatment.
Methods and materialsHDR brachytherapy plans for five patients treated with WG HDR monotherapy were optimized to assess different treatment strategies. Plans were generated to treat the hemigland (HG), one-third gland (1/3G), and one-sixth gland (1/6G), as well as to assess treating the WG with a boost to one of those sub-volumes (WG + HG, WG + 1/3G, WG + 1/6G). Dosimetric parameters analyzed included Target D90%, V100%, V150%, Bladder (B), Rectal (R), Urethral (U) D0.1, 1 and 2cc, Urethral V75%, and the V50% to the contralateral HG. Two-tailed t tests were used for comparison of means, and p-values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant.
ResultsTarget objectives (D90 > 100% and V100 > 97%) were met in all cases. Significant organs at risk dose reductions were achieved for all approaches compared with WG plans. 1/6G vs WG plans resulted in the greatest reduction in dose with a mean bladder D2cc 24.7 vs 64.8%, rectal D2cc 32.8 vs 65.3%, urethral D1cc 52.1 vs 103.8%, and V75 14.5 vs 75% (p < 0.05 for all comparisons).
ConclusionSignificant dose reductions to organs at risk can be achieved using HDR focal brachytherapy. The magnitude of the reductions achievable with treating progressively smaller sub-volumes suggests the potential to reduce morbidity, but the clinical impact on morbidity and tumor control remain to be investigated.
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