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Preplant 1,3-D treatments test well for perennial crop nurseries, but challenges remain

  • Author(s): Hanson, Bradley D
  • Gao, Suduan
  • Gerik, James
  • Qin, Ruijun
  • Cabrera, J Alfonso
  • Jhala, Amit J
  • Abit, M Joy M.
  • Cox, David
  • Correiar, Brian
  • Wang, Dong
  • Browne, Gregory T
  • et al.
Abstract

Preplant fumigation with methyl bromide commonly is used in open-field perennial crop nurseries in California for control of plant-parasitic nematodes, pathogens and weeds. Because this fumigant is being phased out, alternatives are needed to ensure the productivity of the perennial crop nursery industry as well as the ornamental, orchard and vineyard production systems that depend on clean planting stock. As part of the USDA Area-Wide Pest Management Program for Integrated Methyl Bromide Alternatives, several perennial crop nursery projects were conducted in California from 2007 to 2011 to test and demonstrate registered alternative fumigants and application techniques that maximize performance and minimize environmental impacts. The project was designed to evaluate shank application and soil surface sealing methods intended to reduce aboveground emission and improve soil performance of 1,3-dichloropropene, a leading methyl bromide alternative for nurseries. In these garden rose and tree nursery experiments, 1,3-dichloropropene treatments performed well regardless of application techniques. In this article, we highlight recent research and discuss the significance and remaining challenges for adoption of methyl bromide alternatives in this unique nursery stock production system.

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