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Ty3 requires yeast La homologous protein for wild‐type frequencies of transposition


The Saccharomyces cerevisiae retrovirus-like element Ty3 inserts specifically into the initiation sites of genes transcribed by RNA polymerase III (pol III). A strain with a disruption of LHP1, which encodes the homologue of autoantigen La protein, was recovered in a screen for mutants defective in Ty3 transposition. Transposition into a target composed of divergent tRNA genes was decreased eightfold. In lhp1 mutants, Ty3 polyproteins were produced at wild-type levels, assembled into virus-like particles (VLPs) and processed efficiently. The amount of cDNA associated with these particles was about half the amount in a wild-type control at early times, but approached the wild-type level after 48 h of induction. Ty3 integration was examined at two genomic tRNA gene families and two plasmid-borne tRNA promoters. Integration was significantly decreased at one of the tRNA gene families, but was only slightly decreased at the second tRNA gene family. These findings suggest that Lhp1p contributes to Ty3 cDNA synthesis, but might also act at a target-specific step, such as integration.

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