Drug-induced sleep endoscopy in persistent pediatric sleep-disordered breathing after adenotonsillectomy
- Author(s): Durr, ML
- Meyer, AK
- Kezirian, EJ
- Rosbe, KW
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archoto.2012.1067
Objectives: To demonstrate the feasibility of drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) in the pediatric population and to examine DISE results in children with persistent sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) Design: Retrospective case series with medical chart review. Setting: Tertiary pediatric medical center. Patients: Thirteen pediatric subjects with persistent SDB after T&A are included in the study. Intervention: Drug-induced sleep endoscopy was performed on all patients with documentation of all sites of persistent airway obstruction. Results: Multilevel upper-airway obstruction was identified in the majority of patients, most commonly related to tongue base obstruction, adenoid regrowth, and/or inferior turbinate hypertrophy. There were no differences among the 4 subgroups. Conclusions: Findings from DISE suggest that multiple factors contribute to airway obstruction in persistent SDB after T&A. Further research can address the extent to which directed surgical treatment can improve outcomes in these patients.
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