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NDV-3A vaccination prevents C. albicans colonization of jugular vein catheters in mice.

  • Author(s): Alqarihi, Abdullah
  • Singh, Shakti
  • Edwards, John E
  • Ibrahim, Ashraf S
  • Uppuluri, Priya
  • et al.
Abstract

NDV-3A, a novel fungal vaccine undergoing clinical trials, contains a recombinant version of the Candida albicans rAls3 N-terminus protein (rAls3p-N) in aluminum hydroxide. In a Phase 1b/2a clinical trial, NDV-3A protected women from recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis. Here, we reveal that active immunization in mice with NDV-3A induces high titers of anti-rAls3p-N antibodies that interfere with C. albicans ability to adhere to and invade endothelial cells, and form biofilm in vitro. Anti-rAls3p-N antibodies also significantly inhibit yeast dispersal from the hyphal layers of biofilms. Compared to placebo, NDV-3A vaccination inhibited C. albicans dissemination to kidneys and prevented colonization of central venous catheters in mice. Overall, these preclinical studies suggest that NDV-3A may serve as an immunotherapeutic strategy for prevention of infections on indwelling medical devices.

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