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Small-Scale Food Animal Production and Antimicrobial Resistance: Mountain, Molehill, or Something in-between?

  • Author(s): Graham, Jay P
  • Eisenberg, Joseph NS
  • Trueba, Gabriel
  • Zhang, Lixin
  • Johnson, Timothy J
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp2116
Abstract

Summary

Small-scale food animal production is widely practiced around the globe, yet it is often overlooked in terms of the environmental health risks. Evidence suggests that small-scale food animal producers often employ the use of antimicrobials to improve the survival and growth of their animals, and that this practice leads to the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) that can potentially spread to humans. The nature of human-animal interactions in small-scale food animal production systems, generally practiced in and around the home, likely augments spillover events of AMR into the community on a scale that is currently unrecognized and deserves greater attention. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP2116.

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