Carbon doping of GaN with CBr4 in radio-frequency plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy
- Author(s): Green, D S
- Mishra, U K
- Speck, J S
- et al.
Carbon tetrabromide (CBr4) was studied as an intentional dopant during rf plasma molecular beam epitaxy of GaN. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy was used to quantify incorporation behavior. Carbon was found to readily incorporate under Ga-rich and N-rich growth conditions with no detectable bromine incorporation. The carbon incorporation [C] was found to be linearly related to the incident CBr4 flux. Reflection high-energy electron diffraction, atomic force microscopy and x-ray diffraction were used to characterize the structural quality of the film's postgrowth. No deterioration of structural quality was observed for [C] from mid 10(17) to similar to10(19) cm(-3). The growth rate was also unaffected by carbon doping with CBr4. The electrical and optical behavior of carbon doping was studied by co-doping carbon with silicon. Carbon was found to compensate the silicon although an exact compensation factor was difficult to extract from the data. Photoluminescence was performed to examine the optical performance of the films. Carbon doping was seen to monotonically decrease the band edge emission. Properties of carbon-doped GaN are interpreted to be consistent with recent theoretical work describing incorporation of carbon as function of Fermi level conditions during growth. (C) 2004 American Institute of Physics.