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Do the tropics rule? assessing the state of tropical climate science

  • Author(s): Seager, R
  • Chiang, JCH
  • Shaman, J
  • et al.
Abstract

A symposium honoring Mark Cane and his role in the advancement of climate science was held at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University in October 2014. Over 150 climate scientists from the United States and abroad participated in the program. First day of the symposium began with a retrospective session on the development of tropical ocean?atmosphere interactions, equatorial wave dynamics, and a theory for ENSO. Steve Zebiak, David Halpern and Ed Sarachik, each provided historical context on the advances during the 1960s to 1980s that led to ENSO prediction. The first session of the second day was devoted to outstanding issues in paleoclimate dynamics. David Battisti. He revisited the question of why the ocean overturning circulation was situated in the Atlantic and not the Pacific, reviewing various hypotheses for why the Atlantic is the saltier ocean. The final session of the symposium highlighted the perspectives of climate dynamics from some key contributors to the field. Tim Palmer discussed nonlinear dynamics and regime shifts as a paradigm for understanding climate changes.

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