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Per-Core DVFS with Switched-Capacitor Converters for Energy Efficiency in Manycore Processors

  • Author(s): Jevtić, R
  • Le, HP
  • Blagojević, M
  • Bailey, S
  • Asanović, K
  • Alon, E
  • Nikolić, B
  • et al.
Abstract

Integrating multiple power converters on-chip improves energy efficiency of manycore architectures. Switched-capacitor (SC) dc-dc converters are compatible with conventional CMOS processes, but traditional implementations suffer from limited conversion efficiency. We propose a dynamic voltage and frequency scaling scheme with SC converters that achieves high converter efficiency by allowing the output voltage to ripple and having the processor core frequency track the ripple. Minimum core energy is achieved by hopping between different converter modes and tuning body-bias voltages. A multicore processor model based on a 28-nm technology shows conversion efficiencies of 90% along with over 25% improvement in the overall chip energy efficiency.

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