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Density matrix model for polarons in a terahertz quantum dot cascade laser

  • Author(s): Burnett, BA
  • Williams, BS
  • et al.
Abstract

© 2014 American Physical Society. A density matrix based method is introduced for computation of steady-state dynamics in quantum cascade systems of arbitrary size, which incorporates an optical field coherently. The method is applied to a model terahertz quantum dot cascade laser system, where a means of treating coherent electron-optical-phonon coupling is also introduced. Results predict a strong increase in the upper state lifetime and operating temperature as compared to traditional well-based terahertz quantum cascade lasers. However, new complications also arise, including multiple peaks in the gain spectrum due to strong electron-phonon coupling, and strong parasitic subthreshold current channels that arise due to reduced dephasing. It is anticipated that novel design schemes will be necessary for such lasers to become a reality.

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