Moods in everyday situations: effects of combinations of different arousal-related factors.
- Author(s): Davydov, Dmitry M
- Shapiro, David
- Goldstein, Iris B
- Chicz-Demet, Aleksandra
- et al.
OBJECTIVE: This study examined women's mood responsiveness associated with patterns of stress hormone levels in everyday situations. METHODS: Self-reports of negative, positive, and energy dimensions of mood were obtained from 203 nurses throughout the day on a workday and on an off-work day during the luteal and follicular phases of the menstrual cycle. Individual differences in daytime norepinephrine and cortisol were assessed. RESULTS: Patterns of norepinephrine and cortisol levels were associated with ratings of the following moods: tired, sad, and happy. Phase of the menstrual cycle and the day factor (workday, off-work day) modified the association of mood ratings and stress hormone patterns. CONCLUSION: The experience of negative mood is associated with both hypoarousal and hyperarousal conditions. A homeostatic arousal-related concept of mood regulation is discussed.
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