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Quantum phase-sensitive diffraction and imaging using entangled photons.

  • Author(s): Asban, Shahaf
  • Dorfman, Konstantin E
  • Mukamel, Shaul
  • et al.
Abstract

We propose a quantum diffraction imaging technique whereby one photon of an entangled pair is diffracted off a sample and detected in coincidence with its twin. The image is obtained by scanning the photon that did not interact with matter. We show that when a dynamical quantum system interacts with an external field, the phase information is imprinted in the state of the field in a detectable way. The contribution to the signal from photons that interact with the sample scales as [Formula: see text], where [Formula: see text] is the source intensity, compared with [Formula: see text] of classical diffraction. This makes imaging with weak fields possible, providing high signal-to-noise ratio, avoiding damage to delicate samples. A Schmidt decomposition of the state of the field can be used for image enhancement by reweighting the Schmidt modes contributions.

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