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A global synthesis reveals biodiversity-mediated benefits for crop production.

  • Author(s): Dainese, Matteo
  • Martin, Emily A
  • Aizen, Marcelo A
  • Albrecht, Matthias
  • Bartomeus, Ignasi
  • Bommarco, Riccardo
  • Carvalheiro, Luisa G
  • Chaplin-Kramer, Rebecca
  • Gagic, Vesna
  • Garibaldi, Lucas A
  • Ghazoul, Jaboury
  • Grab, Heather
  • Jonsson, Mattias
  • Karp, Daniel S
  • Kennedy, Christina M
  • Kleijn, David
  • Kremen, Claire
  • Landis, Douglas A
  • Letourneau, Deborah K
  • Marini, Lorenzo
  • Poveda, Katja
  • Rader, Romina
  • Smith, Henrik G
  • Tscharntke, Teja
  • Andersson, Georg KS
  • Badenhausser, Isabelle
  • Baensch, Svenja
  • Bezerra, Antonio Diego M
  • Bianchi, Felix JJA
  • Boreux, Virginie
  • Bretagnolle, Vincent
  • Caballero-Lopez, Berta
  • Cavigliasso, Pablo
  • Ćetković, Aleksandar
  • Chacoff, Natacha P
  • Classen, Alice
  • Cusser, Sarah
  • da Silva E Silva, Felipe D
  • de Groot, G Arjen
  • Dudenhöffer, Jan H
  • Ekroos, Johan
  • Fijen, Thijs
  • Franck, Pierre
  • Freitas, Breno M
  • Garratt, Michael PD
  • Gratton, Claudio
  • Hipólito, Juliana
  • Holzschuh, Andrea
  • Hunt, Lauren
  • Iverson, Aaron L
  • Jha, Shalene
  • Keasar, Tamar
  • Kim, Tania N
  • Kishinevsky, Miriam
  • Klatt, Björn K
  • Klein, Alexandra-Maria
  • Krewenka, Kristin M
  • Krishnan, Smitha
  • Larsen, Ashley E
  • Lavigne, Claire
  • Liere, Heidi
  • Maas, Bea
  • Mallinger, Rachel E
  • Martinez Pachon, Eliana
  • Martínez-Salinas, Alejandra
  • Meehan, Timothy D
  • Mitchell, Matthew GE
  • Molina, Gonzalo AR
  • Nesper, Maike
  • Nilsson, Lovisa
  • O'Rourke, Megan E
  • Peters, Marcell K
  • Plećaš, Milan
  • Potts, Simon G
  • Ramos, Davi de L
  • Rosenheim, Jay A
  • Rundlöf, Maj
  • Rusch, Adrien
  • Sáez, Agustín
  • Scheper, Jeroen
  • Schleuning, Matthias
  • Schmack, Julia M
  • Sciligo, Amber R
  • Seymour, Colleen
  • Stanley, Dara A
  • Stewart, Rebecca
  • Stout, Jane C
  • Sutter, Louis
  • Takada, Mayura B
  • Taki, Hisatomo
  • Tamburini, Giovanni
  • Tschumi, Matthias
  • Viana, Blandina F
  • Westphal, Catrin
  • Willcox, Bryony K
  • Wratten, Stephen D
  • Yoshioka, Akira
  • Zaragoza-Trello, Carlos
  • Zhang, Wei
  • Zou, Yi
  • Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf
  • et al.
Abstract

Human land use threatens global biodiversity and compromises multiple ecosystem functions critical to food production. Whether crop yield-related ecosystem services can be maintained by a few dominant species or rely on high richness remains unclear. Using a global database from 89 studies (with 1475 locations), we partition the relative importance of species richness, abundance, and dominance for pollination; biological pest control; and final yields in the context of ongoing land-use change. Pollinator and enemy richness directly supported ecosystem services in addition to and independent of abundance and dominance. Up to 50% of the negative effects of landscape simplification on ecosystem services was due to richness losses of service-providing organisms, with negative consequences for crop yields. Maintaining the biodiversity of ecosystem service providers is therefore vital to sustain the flow of key agroecosystem benefits to society.

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